Primary Documentation (IATA):
E-FREIGHT implementation in the Russian Federation
“Innovation Center of Civil Aviation” is a developer and project coordinator on behalf of the Russian Federation Ministry of Transport and is responsible for interaction between air cargo market participants and representatives of federal executive bodies, including work on preparing the necessary changes to the legislative acts according to which it will be possible to implement the electronic documents escorting cargo flights. “Innovation Center for Civil Aviation” also forms the technical requirements for information data exchange and monitors preparatory work deadlines of project participants in accordance with the plan.
Necessary measures to implement the e-Freight standard in the Russian Federation:
- To develop the design technology and air cargo escort under Russian Federation legislation on the basis of the Operating procedures recommended by the IATA (E-freight Operational Procedures - EFOP), as well as an interaction scheme between participants of cargo air transportation and the federal bodies of executive power in Russia Federation in the framework of the electronic interaction
- To make necessary changes in the legislative acts to ensure the legitimacy of electronic documents and notes on them
- To provide technical solutions and develop IT-systems for the electronic interaction including the use of electronic digital signature
- To provide instruction and training of qualified operational personnel in the staff of the relevant federal executive authorities and the companies - air cargo participants.
The Pilot Project of e-Freight implementation in the Russian Federation
The pilot project is implemented on the principles of public-private partnership and funded by the Russian Federation Ministry of Transport together with the companies - pilot project participants.
- Aeroflot airline
- AirBridgeCargo airline
- Tolmachevo Airport (Novosibirsk)
- Sheremetyevo Airport (Moscow)
- Emelyanovo Airport (Krasnoyarsk)
- Domodedovo Airport (Moscow)
exercising regulatory and supervisory functions at the air crossing points of air cargo and which is included in the Interdepartmental Working Group under the Government Commission on Transport and Communications of the Russian Federation in connection with the pilot project implementation:
- The Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation - including the Federal Air Transport Agency (Rosaviatsiya), Federal Transportation Inspection Service (Rostransnadzor)
- The Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation
- The Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation (Minzdrav)
- The Ministry of Communications of the Russian Federation (Minkomsviaz)
- The Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation (Minselhoz)
- The Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation
- The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation
- The Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Supervision of the Russian Federation (Rosselkhoznadzor)
- The Federal Service for Supervision over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare (Rospotrebnadzor)
- The Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation (Rosgranitsa)
Progress in implementing e-Freight standard in the Russian Federation
In April 2010 ICCA initiated and proved the necessity of elaboration implementing the international standard electronic registration in Russian Federation and air cargo escorting in order to realize the transit potential of Russia and to provide opportunities for its integration into the global transportation system. In this regard, following decisions were taken.
1. The decision following the Governmental Commission on Transport and Communications meeting dated December 15, 2010 on preparation of proposals improving cargo customs regulation (simplification of procedures and registration terms) transported by air, including the implementation of e-Freight technology.
2. The Russian Federation Ministry of Transport initiated the research project “The formulation of the structure and proposals for the Concept of air cargo developing in the Russian Federation”. The research project was prepared by the “Innovation Center for Civil Aviation”, approved by the Scientific-Technical Council of the Russian Federation Ministry of Transport (December 07, 2011).
The research project includes:
- The drafts amendments to legislative acts regarding the transport, customs, tax and other areas of air cargo regulation;
- The interaction technology and the basic requirements (transit / transfer) to the main participants in the pilot project;
- The schedule for pilot project implementation of e-Freight standard in Russia.
3. The decision following the Governmental Commission on Transport and Communications meeting dated November 29, 2011 on conducting a pilot project, structure of a pilot area, schedule coordination with engaged agencies, establishing a working group under the Governmental Commission on Transport and Communications with the guidance of the Deputy Minister of Transport V.M. Okulov.
The pilot project schedule
is implemented on the principle "from simple to complex" and involves the following steps:
Stage 1 – general cargo
Transit: April 2011 – April 2-13
Transfer: March 2012 – February 2014
Stage 2 – general cargo
Import: December 2012 – July 2014
Stage 3 – general cargo
Export: December 2012 – July 2014
Stage 4 – special cargo
- dangerous goods: September 2013 – November 2014
- perishable goods: October 2013 – November 2014
- live animals: November 2013 – November 2014
Implementation beginning in January, 2014
The e-Freight implementation in Russia is accompanied by the following documents:
- The Joint Order of Russian Federation Ministry of Transport, Russian Federation Federal Customs Service, The Russian Federation Federal Security Service “On holding the pilot project implementing an international standard of electronic registration and air cargo escorting in the Russian Federation”;
- The Order of Russian Federation Ministry of Transport “On establishing the forms of electronic air cargo waybill”;
- The Order of the Russian Federation Federal Tax Service of Russia “On Approval of the Provisional order on customs operations and customs control regarding aircrafts engaged on an interim, emergency (technical) landing on the territory of the Russian Federation, and transported their freights delivering documents and information in electronic form”
Currently, IATA is considering diversion in electronic format 20 documents (12 mandatory and 8 optional). In the Russian Federation the number and structure of relevant documents is different from international practice, in addition there are differences in the methodology of documentary support and design of air cargo in most other countries (only cargo is handled/ aircraft is handled in a single package with freight). In this regard, a list of the documents within the framework of e-freight standard implementing increased in the Russian Federation to 26 (29).